How to Care for Your Orchid

//How to Care for Your Orchid

How to Care for Your Orchid

Phalaenopsis Orchids (Moth Orchid)

Light & Temperature:

Phalaenopsis will do well in bright window light with no direct sun. Some filtered sunlight helps with the blooming process. The leaves should be glossy, medium green and should increase in size with each new leaf. It is not uncommon for old, bottom leaves to turn brown and fall off. This orchid likes a warm environment, with daytime temperatures between 75 – 95 degrees F and night temperatures between 55 – 60 degrees F.

Water & Feeding:

Do not allow to dry out completely. Phalaenopsis do not have much water storage capability, so water about once a week when almost dry. Urea free orchid food 20-10-20 at half strength is best for them every two weeks. If not available, a 20-20-20 blend would also work.

Cymbidium Orchids

Light & Temperature:

Cymbidium orchids may be grown outdoors in areas where heavy frost does not occur. They need filtered sunlight or full sun for half a day and good air movement.

Water & Feeding:

Water when plants are almost dry. Do not let your cymbidium dry out or stand in water. During the winter you can pull back on water, while on very warm summer days, you might need to water twice a day. During the growing season (February through September) feed your cymbidiums a 30-10-10 orchid food. To help initiate flower spikes use a 6-30-30 orchid food during the dormany season (October through January).

Repotting:

A good mix should hold moisture, but drain freely. Plants should be repotted every two to three years when the bark has deteriorated . Repot after flowering and before July. A good potting mixture would be 8 parts bark, 1 part perlite, and 1 part charcoal. Soak the bark overnight, and then mix with perlite and charcoal. Meanwhile, thoroughly clean your plastic gallon container; fill one-third with the new bark mixture. Divide and clean up your bulbs as you separate them, always keeping 3-4 good bulbs in each clump. Thoroughly rinse the roots and cut off any dead roots. Place them over one-third of your new bark mixture. Fill the container with the rest of the bark mixture, tamping down firmly enough to hold the plant erect. Give it a pinch of Osmocote and place in the shade for 2 to 3 weeks with no food or water. Then return new plant to its proper location and proceed with normal care.

Dendrobium Orchids

Light & Temperature:

This orchid needs lots of bright light indoors and tolerates outdoors well with limited sun. They prefer warmer day temperatures of 75 – 85 degrees F and night temperatures around 60 degrees F. Some dendrobiums, during the winter months, need cooler temperatures (45 – 50 degrees F) to get them ready to flower. As the weather warms, encourage growth by moving the orchid to a warmer location.

Water & Feeding:

Water thoroughly (about once a week) during the growing season, particularly the summer. It loves humidity and good air circulation during this time. As the weather cools, pull back on the watering, allowing the orchid to rest. Feed your dendrobium a 20-20-20 orchid food during the growth period every other week. After flowering, do not feed again until new growth appears.

Repotting:

Repotting should be done every 2 to 3 years or when the dendrobium outgrows the pot.

Oncidium Orchids

Light & Temperature:

For the most part, oncidiums like bright filtered light with no direct sun. Their leaves should be light green in color. Oncidiums will tolerate a wide range of temperatures. Try to maintain a day temperature of 75 to 85 degrees F and a night temperature not lower than 55 degrees F.

Water & Feeding:

Oncidiums should be allowed to almost dry out between waterings. When they are actively growing or in bloom, give them more water. When there is no growth taking place, let them dry out between waterings. During active growth, feed every two weeks a 20-20-20 orchid food at half strength. When the orchid is in the resting stage pull back on the feedings to once a month.

Paphiopediulum Orchids (Lady Slipper)

Light & Temperature:

Paphios do not require high light intensity. They are ideal for a sunny window or any other filtered sunlight location. Green-leaved paphiopedilums and mottled-leaved paphiopedilums have different temperature requirements. The green leaf variety generally needs cool night temperatures, around 50 degrees F, while the mottled-leaved plants enjoy 60 degree F nighttime temperatures. Both varieties enjoy daytime temperatures between 70 – 80 degrees F.

Water & Feeding:

Paphios cannot store water and therefore should be watered twice a week in hot summer months and once a week in the remainder of the year. Humidity is especially necessary during the summer months. Because they are semi-terrestrial, they do best in a potting medium of fine bark and perlite. Feed this orchid with a 20-10-20 urea free orchid food at half strength once a month.

Odontoglossom Orchids

Light & Temperature:

Odontoglossoms require bright, filtered light with no sun. The leaves should be medium green in color with a slight pinkish tinge, which indicates maximum light levels. Maintain a cool environment with good air circulation. Best daytime temperatures are in the 60s, but will do fine up to 75 degrees F. Optimum night temperature is 45 – 55 degrees F.

Water & Feeding:

The odontoglossom orchid should not be allowed to dry out completely. Give it a good soak when almost dry. The psuedobulbs will wrinkle slightly if the orchid is too dry. Feed with a 20-20-20 orchid food at half strength every couple of weeks.

Miltonia Orchids (Pansy Orchid)

Light & Temperature:

Filtered, indirect light is appropriate for Miltoniopsis. The leaves should be light green. Dark green is not enough light and pinkish leaves indicate too much light. They like minimum night temperatures of 60 degrees F and a maximum temperature of 80 degrees is ideal. Miltonia like humidity, which can be provided by growing plants on gravel trays.

Water & Feeding:

Keep the bark moist, but not soggy, at all times. Crinkled leaves are a sign of insufficient water. It is recommended to use a 20-20-20 orchid food at half strength every two weeks during spring and summer and once a month during fall and winter.

Cattleya Orchids

Light & Temperature:

Cattleyas need a good amount of bright light to grow and flower. The leaves should be light green in color, stiff and leathery in texture. They prefer a warm environment with day temperatures 85 – 90 degrees F and night temperatures of 55 – 60 degrees F.

Water & Feeding:

Cattleyas can withstand fairly long, dry periods. They like to be well watered and then allowed to dry out. Constant over watering will rot the roots. Cattleyas do well with a 20-20-20 orchid food every couple of weeks.

Vanda Orchids

Light & Temperature:

All vandas require plenty of bright light for flowering, but no direct sun. The leaves should be light green in color. Vandas like warm growing conditions, about 75 – 85 degrees in F during the day and not below 60 degrees F at night.

Water & Feeding:

Vandas like plenty of water and should not dry out between waterings. Be careful not to let water set in the apex of the stem; otherwise the new growth will rot. The vanda loves lots of misting especially if it is planted in a wooden handing box. Feed with a 20-20-20 orchid food at half strength every couple of weeks.

2017-09-20T16:30:57+00:00

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